Bryden Allen's Website

Solving All Problems in One Go

You have just read the title of this webpage. But, unfortunately, most people are not really interested in any of the problems I have mentioned in the past two webpages. All these people want to do is: “to continue increasing our economic growth” without “increasing our already too high levels of debt”.
            However I am a sane mathematician. The above desire is insoluble within the context of what people are prepared to accept in our capitalist world. The Keynesian concept is completely correct. A nation can promote economic growth by freeing up its debt limitations. But it is not possible to continue doing this forever, because the amount of debt will simply get too high. We now seem to have reached this debt limit. I believe we will have to broaden our horizons if we are to find a solution. And this broader scope must include less-capitalistic forms of government. But I will discuss and argue this pure capitalist concept further at the end of this webpage.
            Now most of us people on this Earth live in “capitalist” states. And we all sensibly believe in capitalism. In general this system has been the most successful system the world has known.
            Some people live in “communist” states - and most of these people must believe in “communism”. But never-the-less, many people from these communist countries still try to leave these states to join our “capitalist” countries. So this preference should give a clear indication that our “capitalist” system is better.
            Many people used to believe in “socialism” decades ago (socialism being roughly a mixture of capitalism and communism). But even this concept is now being forgotten.


This picture shows that even in anciet times it was hard

to know who you could believe.

In this discussion so far I have used the term “believe”. What we really ought to do is to carefully study each of these different systems. And then we could understand the advantages and disadvantages of the various different systems. Also we could compare the advantages of these different systems in the current physical world. Then all people could understand which system was best for their different circumstances.
            But unfortunately this problem of comparison is much harder than you might think. All human subgroups (councils, companies, firms, departments, sections, etc) must have leaders (i.e. officials) at all the various levels. And other people must check how well these leaders are doing their jobs. And this checking process is very hard. There are many different ways by which this checking can be done. And the success or failure of the different types of state must largely depend on how well this internal checking process is carried out. So very likely, the success or failure of a nation will be due to the details of its internal structure - rather than whether it is a capitalist, socialist or communist system.
            However this study could still be carried out in a more limited manner. But all states are in practise run by leadership cliques (as I talked about in the last webpage). And these cliques do not wish to be told that their form of government is in any-sense unjust. So there are no funds provided for this kind of work – and thus the work is never done. So you can go to any library and you will never find a book, which tries to make a comprehensive comparison of these different systems.


{But there is one small, insignificant person who has done this work – namely me. I actually like doing this kind of task. My Dad told me the solution to “the division of the cake between N people problem” when I was only 10 years old. I thought this relatively complex solution was terrific (and very illuminating). Later then I studied applied maths at Uni – and this is a suitable qualification to work in this field. Then, after graduating with a PhD, I worked in both government and private enterprises in various jobs. So I soon learnt about all the various control flaws in the different systems. And the fact, that I would never be financial rewarded for my efforts in this field, never worried me too much. I enjoy living a frugal life. Besides I could always dream of becoming famous – but unfortunately, if this did happen, it would be long after I was dead.
            From 1981 to 1997 I worked fairly consistently on my biggest and hardest work. The resulting large book is called a “Society of Choice”. In this work I take the capitalist system, more-or-less as it is, - and I solve all its obvious flaws. So my resulting society is just and fair to all people. But this task wasn’t so easy.
            For example, when working on the industrial system, I came upon a problem, which I call the “Continuity Problem”. This problem occurs within a state when the state needs to rehire a large firm to run its public-transport system. If this task is done in correct capitalist style, then the job should be put out to tender (the tender perhaps should last for five years). But, if this tender is done in the normal way to different firms, then the disruption of the transport service during the change-over period would be simply too great. I call this the “Continuity Problem”. This problem stopped me dead in my tracks for three very worrisome months (I imagined this whole effort of mine was going to be a complete failure). But I eventually did solve the problem. I had simply assumed an over-simplistic structural form for my firms. So, you can see that not all these problems are easy. And no one else in this whole wide world has even yet thought about this “continuity problem”. (The problem is given and solved in section 9.3 in my book. The book can be obtained from my website. The cover of the book, with its short abstract, is given at the end of this book.)
            But, alas, no one would even read my book – my book was simply too long and complicated.
            Then from 2003 to 2006 I wrote my next book called “Green Living” (its cover pages and contents are given at the end of this book). To make this new book simpler and easier to understand, I only considered much smaller communities and states. And to simplify the book further I basically only considered a fairly simple communist form of government for the state. Finally a few people have read this book. But of course my system must be implemented in a practical manner before people will take it seriously. And clearly this implementation process has not started yet. (I now have plenty of money to help this implementation process. But so far I have had no takers to start the process.)
            But the important item, to remember from this discussion, is that both “capitalist” and “communist” forms of government can be made to work perfectly well. All we have to do is to think very carefully about how the systems should be run - before we set them up. But unfortunately, most people don’t want to think about such difficult matters.
            (In this discussion, I have not mentioned a socialist type of state. You might imagine my proposed systems would essentially be of a “socialist” nature. But this is not entirely true. Most socialist thinkers tend to believe strongly in state-supported education and welfare systems. But I think the degree of education or welfare a person wants should be left up to each individual. Of course in my societies, I make sure that each person has the capability to obtain as much education and welfare as they might want. But each person can choose their own preferred levels for these facilities. All people should be given the greatest degree of choice in everything.) }


But fortunately, if people are not prepared to do this essential comparison work between the different political systems, then we still have another option. We can simply study political history. And we don’t have to far backwards in time to find a case that is very relevant to our current situation. We can simply remember what happened during the Second World War (and the short period of time afterwards).
            Now in all full-on serious wars, a nation’s political system must, of necessity, turn to socialism. A nation has no other option. In the time of war, all people must be full engaged in helping with the war. And during this time, everyone must treated fairly equally and be given the necessities of life. Also the government must clearly direct everything that goes on during the war. If this situation isn’t pure socialism – then for heavens sake - please tell me what it is? The amount of capitalism that went on during the war was negligible. And this situation occurred in almost all the nations that were fully involved in the war.
            And now, in spite of the reputation that socialism now has, during the war everything was reasonably well run. Many people suffered during this time. But this suffering was caused by the war – not by the socialism.
            Now the socialism that was imposed during that war was very similar to the circumstances I am suggesting during my “Special Period”. So history tells us that we can all endure socialism for a short period of time and, during this period, no one need come to any harm at all. And during this “special period” we can deal with all the endemic pollution problems, which our capitalist system has allowed to fester.


But this war period tells us at lot more than this. Immediately after the war, something quite remarkable happened. I personally only know what happened in the UK. So this is what I will now relate.
            In 1946, by a huge majority, a strong Labour government was elected to office. And this government introduced a series of taxes – and these taxes transferred a huge amount of wealth from the very wealthy people to the public purse. And then this money was used for the public good. The taxes then were simply enormous. As I remember the situation, the surtax on the highest earning level took away 87% of this level of income. Thus a person payed 17/6p in tax - for every 2/6p they received. And the death duties were similarly huge. And of course rents and rates were kept at constant low levels. I think this period only lasted 6 years. But this period was long enough to create a much more egalitarian nation. And after this period, this country enjoyed the utopian phase, which I have described at the beginning of this set of webpages.
            So during this period, an incredibly successful revolution occurred. And this revolution was entirely peaceful. I was there at the time and there were almost no complaints at all. I suppose that the suffering caused by that war must have been so awful – that paying a bit more tax by the rich seemed like just a triviality. (This is certainly what I would have felt, if I had lived through the bombing myself.)
            So if this egalitarian revolution has happened before, it can happen once again. Now A Special Period, which I am proposing, does not envisage any such taxes, which would lead to such a change. This is not the purpose of my “Special Period”. But this does not mean that a similar revolution might not occur immediately after the period is over. Let us now consider the situation of everyone - when this “Special Period” comes to an end.
            During my “Special Period”, most people would have changed their jobs to deal with all our pollution problems. But when this period was over, these people will need to gain jobs again. And this job seeking will not be easy. There would a huge glut of people on the market. So the thinking of all these people will be – “We are not immediately going to throw ourselves over and put ourselves at the mercy of the capitalist system. We don’t know what the rich people, who own all our companies, will do with us. We will keep our current socialist system until we are sure we all can get reasonable jobs. We are safe and happy just as we are. We will elect a socialist government now, which will protect our interests. ” And in doing this these people would be following the example of what the people did in the UK after the war - and for the very same reason.
            And then these people, while they are waiting to get a job, will have time to think some more. And their thinking will be – “Why don’t we tax the rich right now – we have nothing to lose and we have a hell of a lot to gain. We remember all those capitalist banks, which were so cunning at swindling us out of our money. This is the perfect time for all of us to take some of this money back. And then we can use this money to buy back our infrastructure and land once again. And then these items would be owned by all of us for our common good once more. When we have done all this and we have got sensible jobs, then, and only then, will we return to capitalism. Also then we will only work sensible hours. And if there are any nut cases who want to work too hard and earn too much money, we will touch them with a good solid surtax. So we will try to maintain a government which acts for our common good.”
            I image this was the thinking of the soldiers in the UK after their war. And this same thinking could occur to all people after “A Special Period” was over. So then our nation would have a similar quiet revolution.


So during this quiet revolution, all the other problems I have listed in my previous sections could be solved in one go. This is what happened 60 years ago. And there is no reason that this shouldn’t happen once again. And then, at least for a few decades, all people would live in a utopian egalitarian once more. (But of course everyone would still complain about their situation as usual. Just like my friends at school complained about our healthy school lunches.)
            But please remember all these facts - and think over the possible ideas quietly for a long time. This is a way that all our problems could be solved. It worked 60 years ago in the UK. This could be done by all nations who are prepared to make the step.


This someone's idea of this jubilee. It is not mine.

{This general idea is not new. The biblical book of Leviticus (chapter 25) suggests a similar idea. The book puts foreword the case that, every 50 years, there should be a “Jubilee” year. And during this year all the lands, which have been bought up by the rich, should be redistributed back to their traditional owners. This is a similar idea.
            So in my terms then, every 50 years there would be a “Jubilee” year. And during this year, everyone would relax and all people would be treated equally. All people would share the work of doing all the essential tasks of the nation for the year. This year would be like a holiday for everyone with everyone doing a different job. At the end of the year, the people of the nation, would appreciate that it is possible to live in a state of equality and safety. Then from this new position of safety, all people could vote about possible new tax laws. And then these new kinds of tax laws could bring about a much more egalitarian nation once again.}


I don’t think people at the moment are capable of proposing “A Special Period” with the idea of introducing “a heavy tax period” afterwards. But a “Special Period” could be brought in just to deal with Climate Change. But at the end of this period, people would naturally think in terms of the ways I have suggested above. So it would be very natural to introduce tax levels that would solve our bad inequality problems. (And most important of all, a just media system could be introduced. And then all people could understand the full picture of the changes that are happening gradually in the nation - e.g. all the measures that I give in my following appendix.)
            We all need to keep thinking about this possibility.


Finally I need to discuss in more detail why, in our capitalist system, it is not always possible to continue to have “Economic Growth” and, at the same time, keep all our various levels of debt in check.
            First let us remember the basic difference between the communist and the capitalist systems. In a communist system, the central government runs everything. But in a capitalist system, private companies run most of the activities in the country. The advantage of the capitalist system is then that there is competition between the various private companies. So, if a company is badly run, then it will fail and its activities will be taken over by different or new emerging companies. But, in a communist system, there is very little competition and so there is a greater tendency for the various activities to become inefficiently run. So this is the reason that capitalism can be a better system than a communist system.
            But the problem with capitalism then is that the government is no longer in charge of hiring most of people in the country. So, if the companies don’t feel like hiring any more people, there is very little that the government can do about the problem. As a temporary measure, the loosening of credit usually does encourage more employment. But then the resultant debt starts to mount up - as we see at the moment.
            The correct solution for governmental debt is for the country to immediately raise taxes and pay this debt off. But in the current world, it seems that the majority of voters have no longer got the courage to make hard decisions like this. For the past 30 years we have believed in capitalism and we have failed to accept its short-comings. Also, if we raise taxes, then there might be less work because people then will have less money to spend. Then the government should raise taxes further to pay for either welfare payments (or for offering to give employment to the unemployed people itself). And then there could be a downward spiral as the companies offer still less work themselves.
            The fundamental truth of life is that: if a nation wants to be in control of its own destiny, then the nation needs to think very carefully about its own control processes (and how all its people can be assured of getting work in a just manner). If we refuse to take this subject seriously, then all nations can get into an awful mess. Thus the huge depression of 1930s could occur again. And we could well be approaching this situation right now. We must remember that neither “economic growth” nor “global debt” can continue on, in the way they have for the past 30 years. Sometime - something must give. Our current manner of life is simply not sustainable.
            We really ought to think about the future life of our nation occasionally. We can’t forever continue to bury our heads in the sand.


Perhaps you should now return to my general The Unstable Nature of Life webpage to remember how all these long webpages fit together.


Another idea of a Utopia (again not mine)


You might now also like to look back at:

my "Home Page" (which introduces this whole website and lists all my webpages).


My next normal webpage is The Degenerate Species.


Updated on 15/11/2016.